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The Gulf Coast region's almost 12,000 square mile area is home to over 7 million people. The region is home to three of the top 20 fastest growing counties in the nation with a population of over 250,000 - Fort Bend, Montgomery and Brazoria counties. Sixty-five percent of the population resides in Harris County, the most populous county in Texas, the third most populous county in the nation and home of the City of Houston.
- Total regional population grew 16% from 2010 to 2017, almost three times faster than the nation's 5.5 percent growth rate for the same period.
- The population is becoming less Anglo with the percent of Hispanic or Latino population rising from 29% in 2000 to 34% in 2010 to 36 percent in 2016, the most recent year for which detailed demographic data is available.
- The City of Houston is the state's largest city with a population of 2.3 million.
- The fastest population growth in the region between 2016 and 2017 occurred among the counties immediately adjacent to Harris County: Fort Bend, Montgomery and Brazoria counties, which posted increases of 3.1, 3.0 and 2.4 percent, respectively, compared to Harris County's increase of only 0.8 percent over this same period.
- The Gulf Coast Region is home to four of the top 20 fastest-growing counties in the state between 2010 and 2017: Fort Bend, Montgomery, Waller, and Chambers Counties (30, 24, 18, and 17 percent, respectively).